In the 2019-2020 season, according to the forecast of the WHO National Influenza Center, high activity of influenza A(H3N2) and influenza B/Victoria line viruses is expected in Russia. This can lead to the development of an epidemic upsurge with the broad involvement of both the child population and adults of active working age. As practice shows, in unvaccinated people, the flu disease is often complicated by the development of pneumonia.
The most effective way to prevent the flu is vaccination!
Vaccination allows you to prepare for the epidemic, making the body less susceptible to the flu virus, and also significantly reduces the number of cases. It is necessary to get vaccinated against the flu before the beginning of the seasonal rise in the incidence of the disease, so that the body has time to develop a strong immune system.
Within the framework of the National Calendar of Preventive vaccinations for the immunization of children and adults, the region has already received the first batches of Sovigripp vaccines, which have proven themselves well in the 2017-2018 and 2018-2019 seasons. Thus, in the winter of 2019, the incidence of influenza in vaccinated people was 10 times lower than in unvaccinated people, including among children – 40 times, vaccination prevented more than 21.6 thousand cases of influenza and SARS.
Vaccination against influenza is carried out in accordance with Federal Law No. 157-FZ of 17.09.1998 "On Immunoprophylaxis of infectious Diseases" and Order No. 125n of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation of 21 March 2014 "On Approval of the national calendar of preventive vaccinations and the calendar of preventive vaccinations for epidemic indications". During the pre - epidemic period, persons from risk groups are subject to vaccination at the expense of the federal budget: children from 6 months, students of grades 1-11; students in professional educational organizations and educational organizations of higher education; adults working in certain professions and positions (employees of medical and educational organizations, transport, and public utilities); pregnant women; adults over 60 years of age; persons subject to conscription for military service; persons with chronic diseases, including lung diseases, cardiovascular diseases, metabolic disorders, and obesity.
The consequences of influenza are measured not only by damage to health, loss of life, but also by economic losses, which consist of the cost of purchasing medicines, damage to enterprises (employers) due to absenteeism of an employee, and reduced labor productivity.
Managers of enterprises (institutions) whose employees do not belong to the risk groups defined by the National Calendar of Preventive vaccinations should ensure the purchase of influenza vaccines and immunization against influenza of employees at the expense of the enterprise. A contract for medical services for the vaccination of employees of the enterprise can be concluded with any medical organization in the region that has a license for medical activities, including conducting immunoprophylaxis.
Answers to the most frequently asked questions
At what age can I get vaccinated?
Vaccination with inactivated influenza vaccines is allowed for children of 6 months (live influenza vaccines-children from 3 years), adults-without age restriction.
What are the contraindications to flu vaccination?
- Allergic reactions to chicken protein and other components of the vaccine, severe allergic reactions or post-vaccination complications from previous administration of the vaccine.
- Chronic diseases in the acute stage or acute infectious diseases, accompanied by an increase in body temperature.
Why is childhood vaccination so important?
Every child is surrounded by family, peers, teachers and caregivers on a daily basis, which makes the risk of contracting the flu and spreading the infection extremely high. Vaccination will protect not only the child, but also a wide range of people around him.
How quickly does the vaccine start to "work" and how long does it protect?
The immune response to vaccination is formed within 2-3 weeks and provides protection for a year.
Can I get vaccinated on my own?
Vaccination should only be carried out by a medical professional. On the day of vaccination, a medical examination and thermometry are required. The vaccinated person should be under medical supervision for 30 minutes after the introduction of the vaccine.
Where can I get vaccinated?
You can get vaccinated in state medical organizations at the place of residence, work or study, as well as in non-state medical organizations that have a license to perform vaccination works (services).
Where is the most common place to get the flu?
Potentially dangerous places are places of mass congestion of people. These are, first of all, public transport, shopping centers, theaters and cinemas. Small, poorly ventilated rooms are also dangerous if there is a need to stay in them for a long time. Most often, these are working rooms, classrooms.
My colleague did not go to work, got sick with the flu, although the day before he did not give the impression of a sick person. Is there a danger for me to get sick too?
Yes, the probability is very high, especially if you have not been vaccinated against the flu. The fact is that a person begins to spread the virus even 1-2 days before the appearance of signs of the disease (in the incubation period). If you were in close contact with him during this time , you are at risk.
How much garlic should I eat for guaranteed protection from the flu?
We have to disappoint you. Garlic is not able to prevent infection, nor to ease the course of the flu. Indeed, garlic essential oil contains allicin, a substance with mild antibacterial activity, but it is powerless against viruses. So there is no point in actively eating fresh garlic, or inhaling its vapors.
It is claimed that the constant wearing of a protective mask eliminates the possibility of contracting the flu, if you change it every 2 hours. Can I change it less often?
Indeed, this opinion is very common. But the protective potential of the mask is very exaggerated. Even when using a mask according to all the rules, with regular replacement with a new one every hour or two, the probability of catching the flu will be very high with close contact with a sick person. The mask protects only large drops of saliva, mucus scattered around a sneezing or coughing person, but viruses also spread simply with the current of air, freely penetrating through the fabric of the mask. That's who exactly should wear a mask, so this is a sick person, when communicating with healthy people, and put it on for a short time required for a conversation, (15-20) minutes, after which the used mask should be disposed of.
How often should I smear my nose with oxoline ointment to prevent flu?
The use of oxoline ointment will not protect you from contracting the flu or SARS. Despite the fact that the drug has been known for more than 40 years and has been actively used for several generations, you should know that it does not have antiviral activity, this drug is only able to somewhat soften the mucous membrane of the external respiratory tract.
I got sick, I was diagnosed with acute respiratory infections, but I feel much worse than usual with a banal cold. Can I find out if it's the flu and how?
The diagnosis of "flu" can be confirmed only on the basis of a laboratory test (serological diagnostic test). In typical cases, it is not difficult for a doctor to determine the flu or ARI in a patient, and the diagnosis is made based on an assessment of the totality of clinical manifestations of the disease and current epidemiological data. Laboratory diagnostics is indicated only in cases where the diagnosis is doubtful, with a complicated or atypical course of the disease, or for the purposes of epidemiological surveillance.
Last year I was vaccinated against the flu, but I still got sick, and more than once during the winter. Why did this happen? The vaccination didn't work?
It is important to understand that when you get vaccinated, you do not exclude the possibility of a cold (there are more than 250 types of viruses that cause acute respiratory infections!). The vaccine is only effective against the flu virus. Vaccination stimulates the production of antibodies against a certain type of flu virus, and even if it happens that you still get sick - the disease will be mild, and the probability of complications will be low.
Does it make sense to start taking antibiotics for the flu to prevent possible bacterial complications?
You can't do that in any case! Complications caused by the addition of a bacterial infection after the flu, even with its severe course, do not always develop. The need to start antibacterial therapy is determined only by the doctor! Antibiotics used without indications, "in reserve", suppressing the growth of beneficial microflora in the intestine, contribute to a decrease in the body's defenses, thereby increasing the likelihood of developing complications of a bacterial nature.